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8 Steps For Effective SEO Keyword Research In 2022

Updated: Dec 13, 2022

What good news could be better than your business website appearing higher in search results?

But things are not always as straightforward as they seem.

Suppose you want to increase your company's visibility online and appear directly on your customers' devices when they search for you. In that case, you must run the appropriate campaigns, devise the proper business strategies, and generally possess the necessary SE0 expertise.

The foundational element of digital marketing offers business owners many advantages, from boosting PPC campaigns to enhancing their credibility with customers. When people search for your brand or, more precisely, the KEYWORD, search engines should drive organic traffic to your website.


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So what is a keyword?

What Is Keywords?

According to Wikipedia, "Keyword research is a practice used by search engine optimization professionals to find and research search terms that users enter into search engines when looking for products, services, or general information." Simply put, search engines are actions made to improve the ranking of your website in search engines. Users pose inquiries about these terms in search engine searches.

You must develop a strategic keyword list that is more relevant to your company website and target audience. Create content around these keywords that will please both users and search engines. You should also conduct thorough keyword research to understand your audience and the keywords they use to find your content, services, or product.

With a thorough understanding of your audience and specific information about their search patterns provided by keyword research, you can better respond to essential questions like:

  • What do people look for online?

  • How many individuals are looking for it? In other words, what is the search volume?

  • How do they want that information presented?

In this article, you will learn about the significance of keywords, how to conduct keyword research, and online Search Engine Optimization tools that help you choose the best keyword to rank better on search engines. With this new world of keywords unveiled, you can better understand keyword concepts and strategize your keyword campaigns efficiently.

Significance of keywords

  • Determine and share the precise keywords that your target market uses.

  • Create content that is relevant to your audience.

  • By including specific search terms in the content of your website, you can raise your search engine rankings.

  • The right people should receive the right content at the right time.

  • Bring in more qualified and organic traffic to your website.

  • Increase the average session time of customers on your website.

  • Understanding the bounce-off rates of your website.

  • Directing customers to your website will increase conversions and help you stand out from the competition.

Many businesses overlook the crucial step of keyword research. Many believe they aren't that significant and can rank highly using random keywords. But this is entirely incorrect; to use the best keyword and carry out a successful campaign, you must first have a thorough understanding of your target audience or customer persona. You will better understand the client's identity, wants, and objectives from keyword research. It takes time and requires a significant investment of your time to conduct adequate keyword research. But once your keyword research is on point and you have come up with the right keywords, you can use these keywords to perform various campaigns such as brand awareness, product awareness, customer engagement campaigns, and blogging, depending on what you want from your customers.

Here's an example to get a better picture of how to start with keyword research:

Here's an example to get a better picture of how to start with keyword research

You are a pizza owner in New York by the name of Jonas. You run both an offline and an online store. Despite having a good website that is live and ready, you have yet to see any customers for your online store. To pull organic traffic to his website, Jonas decides to consult SEO services. We need to comprehend Jonas' target market and the people he is attempting to connect with to assist him in solving this problem.

You might come up with the following questions.

  • What varieties of pizza are consumers looking for?

  • Who is using these terms in searches?

  • What timeframes do they use for their search?

  • What search terms are people using to look up pizza?

  • What is the most frequent query they receive?

  • What search tool are they employing?

  • Which part of the geographic location do potential customers reside in?

By asking these questions, you can gain a deeper understanding of your target audience and get advice on the best keywords to use when communicating with them. You can cultivate a fulfilling community and craft exclusive pizza-related content, especially for them. You can also develop a plan to use the appropriate keywords effectively and quickly, reaching more potential customers through keyword research. You can cultivate a fulfilling community and craft exclusive pizza-related content, especially for them.

Step 1. Beginning the keyword research process

keyword research process

You now have a basic understanding of keywords, their significance, and what to do in advance to understand the profile of your potential customers or to put yourself in their shoes. It's time to begin conducting keyword research.

You can generally divide keyword research into two categories:

1. Commercial-based keywords

2. Informational-based keywords

1. Keywords with a commercial focus or commercial-based keywords:

These are the search terms people use to buy your products or use your services. If someone is searching for these keywords, the potential customer here is interested in purchasing your goods or services. Make sure to conduct thorough research on these commercial keywords.

Several keyword examples include,

  • nearby bakery,

  • the best salon in Los Angeles,

  • services for digital marketing

Due to increased consumer spending and brand impact, commercial keywords have the possibility of generating higher income for your business. People anticipate using these keywords to locate the product or service landing page quicker to shop and compare it with other vendors. Additionally, they want to know more about the goods and services you provide and how you can help them find the answers they need.

Also, remember that location-specific keywords or local SEO, known as geo-targeting, might help you reach more local consumers effortlessly. Focusing on these local SEO and search terms enables you to determine your local target market and tailor your content accordingly.

2. Informational keyword phrases:

People frequently use these kinds of search terms to find out more information. They use these keywords to find blogs or related content since these audiences seek knowledge rather than products or services for sale.

Some instances include

  • How to conduct adequate keyword research

  • How effective is digital marketing for small businesses?

  • Why is branding so crucial?

To win the audience's trust, many brands concentrate on these markets. As a result, you must work to meet their expectations and develop content based on these keyword phrases.

Consider these keywords a chance to provide them with excellent blog content addressing their inquiries. Your content should be organized to give readers all the details they need to know about the keyword they are looking for. Therefore, before you begin writing your blog posts or other content, ensure that it is pertinent to the keywords your audience uses to find you. Additionally, you can ask them to sign up for your newsletter or allow browser notifications. By doing this, you can encourage them to purchase your goods eventually at some point in the future.

Step 2: Review your resources

Review your keywords resources

You now better understand the two key terms in keyword research. It's time to conduct an audit.

Let's now examine auditing in greater detail. Auditing is crucial to comprehend the overall effectiveness and ranking of the keywords. Additionally, it will give you a clearer idea of whether the keywords you're using are appropriate or not. This particular step is essential if you choose to conduct commercial keyword research. Remember that you can also perform audits for blogs, and if you want to see detailed statistics about your blog's performance, use Google Search Console, SEMrush, Ahrefs, or Moz.

Three main principles that auditing covers that will guide intelligent decision-making are,

1. Justification for your current target keywords?

2. How are the pages performing right now?

3. For what additional (alternative) keywords do each page rank?

Examine your landing pages:

Gather the URLs of your commercial landing pages and the corresponding keyword targets into a spreadsheet by going through all of them. It will give you a clear picture of all the keywords you focus on and the pages where they are used. Record your data to recognize parent/child relationships among pages.

Review the desired keywords:

Without access to specific metrics, it is impossible to determine whether your keywords are effective. Use one of your paid tools for this and upload all of your target keywords. You will receive a thorough report detailing which keywords are performing well and which are not. For any upcoming references, you can copy these data or export them directly into a spreadsheet.

Check each of your URLs.

Your business page will typically rank for related terms and specific target keywords. It enables you to either refocus on a more advantageous keyword or to confirm the one you are already using. Use tools like Moz, Ahrefs, SEMrush, or Ryte to quickly and easily analyze each URL on your page and provide a report on the keywords and positions each URL ranks.

Investigate the search engine more:

So far, we've learned how to scrape data using the available SEO tools. But you need more than that, don't you think, to make wise decisions? Use the Google Search Console to help you decide more wisely. It is a trustworthy platform that provides complete information to help you make the best decision quickly and easily.

What do I do next?

Now you have data for each commercial landing page in your spreadsheet. This information should tell you:

1. What search terms you're aiming for, and on which pages?

2. If there is enough demand for the chosen keyword.

3. If specific pages are ranked for preferable variant terms, or if your first option is the best.

4. Whether or not you need to overhaul your page strategy entirely.

Now that you have all the information you need, you can decide wisely rather than blindly relying on keywords whose performance you are unsure of. These insights will also enable you to focus more on selecting the appropriate keywords and less on keyword research.

Step 3. Consider new keywords to target:

new keywords to target and bring organic visitors

It's time to enjoy yourself while researching keywords. Yes, you are correct. For those with creative minds, this is the perfect chance to showcase them. Many SEO experts and business owners skip this crucial step of creativity. With creativity, you get away from the minutiae of how keywords operate and into the practicalities of what your audience will search for.

Here are some methods to help you begin the brainstorming session.

List your thoughts.

You can use numerous tools to jot your thoughts. These are simple and valuable tools for compiling all of your original ideas into one spot. Countless free tools are available, including Evernote, OneNote, Google Keep, and Apple Notes. If spreadsheets are your strong suit, you can also use them.

Pick a broad subject and list the keywords you'll use:

To put yourself in your audience's shoes, perform this exercise. By completing this exercise, you can determine the keywords you'll use to look for a specific product or service. This exercise will reveal the language you use, the language of your target audience, and the language of your company. It will also inform you how your target market behaves when looking for a product or service. All of these terms will be unique, but with this exercise, you will be able to identify a few shared by all three. For example, if you choose digital marketing as your topic, you must now determine which keyword you will use to search for the service.

Assume you think of the following:

  • Digital Marketing

  • the various forms of digital marketing services

  • digital marketing in New York

  • digital marketing agency

  • Best digital marketing services

  • SEO management software

This is a great beginning, but since your audience is the most crucial factor, let's move on to their perspective.

Perform a target audience survey.

Many brands frequently make the grave error of speaking in industry jargon instead of the language of their target market, erroneously assuming that their audience is conversant in it. Surveying and researching your audience is therefore essential to achieving your goals. For this, especially if they are less accustomed to industry jargon, you want to understand the language and expressions your target audience uses. And don't be alarmed that this is some technical or scientific survey. These questionnaires are as easy to complete as getting to know your new neighbor.

What are the methods?

  1. Send a Google form with questions and instruct recipients to fill it (remember that these questions can be straightforward, like their age, gender, what features they look for when they buy a product, etc.)

  2. Perhaps discuss with someone who has some background knowledge on the subject and shoot away your questions.

  3. Ask a few of your current customers how they found you online or how they would search if they couldn't recall.

You will be able to find some solid keywords through this survey exercise, on which you can later expand.

Conduct competitive analysis:

When conducting keyword research, competitor analysis is imperative because it affects how you rank. There will always be a rival for whatever good or service you offer. So pick three rivals you believe to be your potential competitor and analyze them. Explore every possible keyword they may use on their website and examine their blogs. It will make it easier for you to comprehend the keywords used to stand out from the competition and perform better in search results. For instance, they might have written engaging blogs that will undoubtedly turn regular audience members into their customers. These insights can also help you identify areas where you can outperform the competition.

Make use of free tools to facilitate brainstorming:

You can use the many well-liked free online tools that are readily available. Some incredible free tools that you can use for keyword ideation include the Ubersuggest tool, Soovle, Kombinator, Answer the Public, Google Keyword Planner, and Soovle. Even though these tools' feature sets vary, you can rely on and benefit from their usefulness.

Step 4. Identify and collect essential metrics

Identify and collect essential keywords metrics

This section would be entirely data-driven metrics if the previous step were about creativity.

Businesses find it challenging to understand the critical metrics as Google and other search engines grow more complex daily. But still, these simple guidelines can help you understand the metrics more clearly.

1. Search volume

2. Trends

3. Search challenge (Keyword Difficulty)

4. CTR (Click-through-rate)

5. SERP attributes (Search Engine Results Page)

Search volume:

A crucial metric for keyword research is search volume. It measures the volume of searches for a particular set of keywords. You can determine the strength of your keyword by looking into the search volume, which also provides information on whether it is worthwhile to use. There is no market for that specific keyword if there is a low search volume for the one you are using. Numerous SE0 tools include a search volume feature in their platform. Additionally, you can obtain it directly from Google's keyword planner, which provides a thorough analysis of the typical search volume for the chosen keyword.


You should take into account the following trends for each keyword:

  • Increasing interest

  • according to region

  • Related queries

These trends aid in comprehending the trends relevant to time, place, and customer inquiries.

It provides a thorough understanding of keywords which helps you to target your audience using this information.

Search challenge(keyword Difficulty):

The keywords difficulty determines how difficult it will be for you to achieve top rankings in SERPs.Although different tools calculate problems in different ways, the following factors are frequently used to analyze the difficulty score:

  • The competitive domains' authority

  • The number of quality links that top pages have

  • how frequently positions at the top change


The click-through rate is the proportion of users who click on a specific link to all users who view a page, email, or advertisement. The effectiveness of an email marketing campaign or an online advertising campaign for a particular website is typically evaluated using this metric. A reasonable click-through rate can range from 2 to 5 percent, depending on your market type.

SERP attributes:

Any result on a Google Search Engine Results Page (SERP) that is not organic is referred to as a SERP feature. These are the most typical SERP Features: Rich Snippets that enhance an existing result visually (e.g., review stars for product ratings).

Among the most prevalent SERP elements are:

  • Locations: a map with three different places.

  • Knowledge Graph: data on specified entities

  • Answers: featured snippets in the list, table, or paragraph form

  • People Also Ask Questions that are connected to the original inquiry.

  • News: reports from reputable news sources

  • rows, blocks, or carousels of connected images

  • Schema markup to help search engines better understand your website info.

Step 5: Choose a paid keyword tool.

Choose a good and perfect paid keyword tool

Even though many free tools are available for keyword research, metrics are unfortunately necessary to make an informed choice. However, once you are aware of the various tools and the features they provide, you can choose them based on what you need from these SE0 tools. Before you sign up for a keyword tool, consider the following list.

  • Accuracy: The tool's ability to accurately predict rankability.

  • Ideas: It is simple to create long lists of potential keyword targets.

  • Possibilities for batch uploading: Can the tool export data as quickly as it can import data?

  • Keyword match rate: Does this tool have search data for the keywords on my list?

  • SERP analysis tools: Is there a quick and straightforward way to view current SERP information for a given keyword without manually checking it?

  • Value perceived: How well this tool completes items 1 through 5 of this list.

  • User encounter overall: Is it attractive? Is it simple to use and intuitive? Does it always crash, or does it run without a hitch?

Step 6: How to Sort Your List of SEO Keywords by Priority

 Sort Your List of SEO Keywords

After completing each step outlined in the article, you should have a lengthy list of keywords. The next step is to export these keyword lists into a spreadsheet and identify the top-potential keywords that will help you rank highly.

1) Import data into .CSV format

You should export the information you have gathered from different domains into a.csv format.

2) Create a spreadsheet

To get started, you can use any spreadsheet tool, such as Google Sheets, Microsoft Excel, or Apple Numbers. There are also numerous templates available for keyword research that you make use of.

The different types of columns include:

  • Keyword - this is the exact keyword that will be evaluated.

  • Intent Type - Determine whether the keyword is informational, commercial, or navigational.

  • Content Type - You will also need to decide what content to write for the keyword.

  • Search Volume - Input this information directly from your.CSV export.

  • Difficulty - As mentioned previously, enter this data now from your.CSV export.

  • SERP Data - Enter the CPS (clicks per search) or Organic CTR data if you're using Ahrefs or Moz. If you're not using either, leave it blank.

3)Enter all your information.

You can start entering all your data into your spreadsheet now that it has the above columns. Copy and paste your data from the.CSV file you just made in step 1 into a new spreadsheet.

4)Find the ideal metrics combination

Start looking for robust metrics that are highly relevant to your brand. You can quickly determine the ideal combination of metrics once you have completed the data entry and all necessary conditional formatting. You will be left with a few intriguing keywords at the end of this process, which you can use moving forward to improve your search engine rankings and have a sufficient volume of searches for the specific keyword.

Step 7: Analyze the SERPs, then begin creating content

Analyze the SERPs, then begin creating content

One of the best ways to get advice on creating new SEO-based content for your company website is to analyze the search engine results page. Therefore, you need to know what kind of content is performing well on the first page if you want to create content that is more relevant to your audience and will rank the best. By doing this, you can determine what kind of content is necessary to rival the already available ranking. Making a list of the various SERP features that can be found on the page is an efficient way to conduct SERP analysis. Before diving in, you must always keep this in mind to write content based on the needs of your audience rather than following algorithms, even though many SEO tools can perform SERP analysis and content evaluation for you.

Browse the ranking content, read it, and assess its format by clicking through. With the help of this analysis, you can decide whether updating your content with the same search terms will improve your ranking or you should create a new one.

Finding searcher intent:

SERP features are significant in finding searcher intent. We can guess what content the user found useful and what they didn't by looking at what Google displays in their search results. Depending on how specific you want to be, there are three broad categories of searcher intent that you can identify.

  • Navigational-When you know what you want to look up in a search engine but need a little help finding it.

  • Informational - When you are looking for clarification or more details on a specific subject

  • Transactional - When you are looking for ways to buy something, you already know you want to buy.

Focus on the content:

Now that you know what your audience is looking for and why they are searching, it is essential to determine what types of content are performing well and should be prioritized. These factors can be found using SEO tools, but you can also do it manually. Always start with the page with the highest Google ranking; there is a reason for this. Click through the result to review the content and format before reading it several times. Check out these details and examine your competitors for more information.

Ranking potential:

After conducting keyword research, compiling a list of potential keywords, filtering out those with high search volume, and adhering to all SERP features, you may ask yourself, "Can I beat the highest ranking page with all these steps?"

Of course, you can!

However, you must conduct in-depth research, and with the proper knowledge, you can achieve a high search engine ranking.

Step 8: Refine your content

Refine your content

Google has advanced significantly in understanding the types of content to display based on user search intent and the other related subtopics users are most interested to learn. Instead of prioritizing high-reputation websites over high-quality content, Google now prioritizes consistent content that aligns with user intent. It means you must hone your content accordingly and incorporate the proper keywords into your topic.

Refine your content based on the top-ranking keywords and thoroughly research and write content on additional subtopics that the user will likely be interested in, so they won't need to visit another website to find out more.

Popular tools you can use for your keyword research:


Semrush is a comprehensive toolset for increasing online visibility and learning about marketing trends. Their areas of expertise are SEO, PPC, SMM, keyword and competitive research, public relations, content marketing, marketing insights, and campaign management.


  • Offers thorough keyword analysis and enables you to choose the best keywords for your niche.

  • Except for the Pro plan, every plan is affordable for small and medium-sized businesses.

  • Additionally, it provides information about the audience's age, gender, and location so you can better understand your customers and provide them with the relevant services or products.

  • The Semrush backlink audit tool enables you to identify and eliminate spammy links that could potentially harm your company website.

  • Semrush is a one-stop destination for all your business intelligence and digital marketing needs.


  • It doesn't have an amicable user interface, making it somewhat more difficult for users. In addition, the user interface may be a little too complex and technical for new users or businesses who are less experienced with the tool.

  • Semrush only permits one user to log in at once. As a result, if you give someone else your login information and they log in, and then you log in back, your login information will be lost, and you won't be able to log in again until the other user logs out.

  • Semrush occasionally issues too many warnings for bids to keep users hooked on their services, frequently negatively affecting them.


The Google, Bing, Amazon,, Yahoo, Wikipedia, and Youtube suggestion services are all combined into one easily customizable engine called Soovle. Many people found the tool to be a massive inspiration for search and content creation.


  • You can view autocomplete suggestions from several search engines, including Amazon, Google, Wikipedia, and Yahoo, with Soovle.

  • Soovle gives you unrestricted access to an unlimited number of searches.

  • If you search for a keyword, the loading time is typically quick, and the results are displayed more effectively.

  • Even a novice can easily use this simple and direct tool because Soovle offers a user-friendly interface platform with a search box and multiple search engine options.

  • Data from searches can always be saved and used for references in the future.


  • Since Soovle doesn't offer features for metrics like difficulty or search volume, you must determine which keywords are working and which are not on your own.

  • One SEO tool with probably fewer SE0 features.

  • There are no support materials or tutorials available, so you can only use this platform if you are already familiar with SEO.

  • Soovle's basic design and dated appearance may turn off many contemporary internet users.

  • A significant drawback of Soovle is the lack of adequate instructions on incorporating these keywords into your website's content creation.


Ahrefs primarily examine a website's link profile, keyword positions, and SEO health. Additionally, many people use Ahrefs to discover articles that have performed well on a particular topic (regarding social shares and links). Ahrefs can also find keywords for Amazon, YouTube, and Google.


  • You can find keyword suggestions from well-known search engines like Google, Bing, Amazon, and Youtube with the aid of Ahrefs.

  • You can view keywords relevant to 170+ countries, with the US as the default option. It facilitates more focused searches.

  • Ahrefs offers search volume and difficulty features.

  • Compared to other tools, access has a database with over 8 billion queries, which is quite large.

  • By utilizing Ahrefs' features, you can develop the best list of keywords to raise your search engine ranking.


  • An expensive monthly subscription is required if you want to view all keyword suggestions.

  • Free users do not have access to special search filters.

  • Ahrefs' free version does not include competitor keyword analysis.

  • The Ahrefs dashboard can appear a little complicated and may not be user-friendly for beginners.

  • The tool's free version is intended to entice you to purchase Ahrefs' full premium version.

4) Google's keyword planner:

You can find keywords for your search campaigns with a keyword planner. Using this free tool, you can find new keywords associated with your company, get an idea of the number of searches they receive, and find out how much it will cost to target them. Although Google Keyword Planner, a component of the Adwords PPC platform, can be used to find keywords for paid campaigns, it's also a great all-around choice for optimizing your organic search results.


  • In the keyword planner, the data are 100% accurate because they are taken directly from Google without the interference of any outside algorithms.

  • Keyword planner's overall design is simple to read and understand.

  • Your data can be easily downloaded and exported into.CSV data.

  • Perform unlimited searches, which is one of Google Keyword Planner's best features.

  • They give you broad metrics like the monthly search volume on average or the level of ranking competition.


  • Google Keyword Planner only uses data from Google and never considers any other search engines.

  • Fewer keyword suggestions than other keyword platforms. They provide about 300 for each seed keyword.

  • Additionally, fewer keyword filters exist than in other tools, making it challenging to choose the precise performing keywords.

  • When looking for other suggestions, there is a maximum of three keywords. However, compared to this, some platforms allow more keywords.

  • One drawback of Google Keyword Planner is that it does not offer a list of negative keywords.

5) Moz

The SEO and data management tool Moz assists companies in boosting website traffic, rankings, and visibility in search results. Essential features include site audits, rank tracking, backlink analysis, and keyword search tools.


  • Moz gives you access to a robust set of features that enables you to perform an in-depth SEO analysis on your page.

  • They have excellent site crawling and SERP analysis tools that aren't available in some SEO tools.

  • Moz offers some of the top website metrics and SEO tools.

  • Moz offers a simple-to-use link explorer option, and their customer service is available around-the-clock to assist you with any search or keyword-related issues.


  • Not the most affordable SEO solution, but you will undoubtedly benefit from many features.

  • Finding the tool you need may be challenging if the navigation is poor. As a result, it is less user-friendly than suites like SEMRush or AHREFs.

  • Reporting customization isn't very extensive. When using the various features of the site, numerous error messages also appear.


To simplify the process, remember to keep these factors in mind.

  • The searches that your page is ranked for.

  • Average position in keyword rankings.

  • Impressions.

  • Click-through-rates.

Nothing worthwhile ever comes easily, and keyword research is a prime example. However, you will undoubtedly be able to assist in helping your website rank better in search engines once you have a firm grasp of how things operate and have access to all SEO tools.

The process is not, however, finished after these eight steps. To rank the highest, you must stay on top of trends, adapt to new keyword trends, and other factors. If this sounds all too complicated for you, don't worry, Pravaah consulting - The best SEO agency in the united states, is always there for your rescue. We provide top-notch digital marketing services, including Search Engine Optimization services, so you don't have to stress about ranking better in search engines.


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